HOW TO PREVENT PRESSURE SORES AND DECUBITUS ULCERS
If bedridden or immobile with diabetes, circulation problems, incontinence, or mental disabilities, you should be checked for pressure sores every day. Look for reddened areas that, when pressed, do not turn white. Also look for blisters, sores, or craters. The following steps are crucial in preventing the development of decubitus ulcers:
· Change position at least every two hours to relieve pressure.
· Use items that can help reduce pressure — pillows, sheepskin, foam padding, and powders from medical supply stores.
· Eat healthy, well-balanced meals and drink plenty of fluids.
· Exercise daily, including range-of-motion exercises for immobile patients.
· Keep skin clean and dry – incontinent people need to take extra steps to limit moisture.
Changing position every two hours is critical to the prevention of pressure sores. All nurses working in the long term care industry know that changing a resident’s position every two hours is a must. The only problem is that most nursing homes are so understaffed that there are not enough nurses and nursing aides to do the job!